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Jewry Egypt Syria Bahri Mamlukes History 1250-1382 Straus Hebrew History For Sale

Jewry Egypt Syria Bahri Mamlukes History  1250-1382 Straus Hebrew History


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Jewry Egypt Syria Bahri Mamlukes History 1250-1382 Straus Hebrew History:
$31

Jewry Egypt Syria Bahri Mamlukes History 1250-1382 Straus Hebrew History Jewry Egypt Syria Bahri Mamlukes History 1250-1382 Straus Hebrew History

Jewry Egypt Syria Bahri Mamlukes 1250-1382 Straus Heb

Will respect combine delievry -for making The bargain less expensive.

Will ship on surface for less , the same for Israeli customers

In this sale I offer:

 

Toldot hayehudim bemitzraim ubesuriya

First volume

By Straus

Compelling the issue of Bacharian Mamloukes

Printed in 1944

Very rare and unique revealing  historian book

On Jewry during Mamloukes regime

From content: the whole period from Mongolian canonicalization

On the shadow od amimonides, living routs, the regime of An-Nazar, the black death, Jews and society,  and more

Hebrew text

Extreme rare item, hard to found.

Hard cover

With fragile worn just jacket

Back board tapped due clean hole

One clean hole

376 pages size:6.5-9 inches

The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Mamluks (al-Mamalik al-Bahariyya ???????? ???????) was a Mamluk dynasty of mostly Kipchak Turkic origin that ruled Egypt from 1250 to 1382 when they were succeeded by the Burji dynasty, another group of Mamluks. Their name means 'of the sea', referring to the location of their original residence on Al-Rodah Island in the Nile (Bahr al-Nil) in Cairo[1] at the castle of Al-Rodah which was built by the Ayyuoffer Sultan as-Salih Ayyub[2][3]The Mamluks formed one of the most powerful and wealthiest empires of the time, lasting from 1250 to 1517. In 1250, when the Ayyuoffer sultan as-Salih Ayyub died, the Mamluks he had owned as slaves murdered his son and heir Turanshah, and Shajar al-Durr the widow of as-Salih became the Sultana of Egypt. She married the Atabeg (commander in chief) Emir Aybak and abdicated, Aybak becoming Sultan. He ruled from 1250 to 1257.[4][5] The Mamluks consolidated their power in ten years and eventually established the Bahri dynasty. They were helped by the Mongols' sack of Baghdad in 1258, which effectively destroyed the Abbasid caliphate. Cairo became more prominent as a result and remained a Mamluk capital thereafter.

The Mamluks were powerful cavalry warriors mixing the practices of the Turkic steppe peoples from which they were drawn and the organizational and technological sophistication of the Egyptians and Arabs. In 1260 the Mamluks defeated a Mongol army at the Battle of Ain Jalut in modern-day Israel and eventually forced the invaders to retreat to the area of modern-day Iraq.[6] The defeat of the Mongols at the hands of the Mamluks enhanced the position of the Mamluks in the southern Mediterranean basin.[7][8] Baibars, one of the leaders at the battle, became the new Sultan after the assassination of Sultan Qutuz on the way home.[9][10]

In 1250 Baibars was one of the Mamluk commanders who defended Al Mansurah[11] against the Crusade knights of Louis IX of France, who was later definitely defeated, captured in Fariskur and ransomed[12] . Baibars had also taken part in the Mamluk takeover of Egypt. In 1261 , after he became a Sultan, he established a puppet Abbasid caliphate in Cairo,[13] and the Mamluks fought the remnants of the Crusader states in Palestine until they finally captured Acre in 1291.[14] Many Tatars settled in Egypt and were employed by Baibars.[15][16] He defeated the Mongols at the battle of Elbistan[17] and sent the Abbasid Caliph with only 250 men to attempted to retake Baghdad, but was unsuccessful. In 1266 he devastated Cilician Armenia and in 1268 he recaptured Antioch from the Crusaders.[18][19] In addition, he fought the Seljuks,[20] and Hashshashin; he also extended Muslim power into Nubia[16] for the first time, before his death in 1277.

Sultan Qalawun defeated a rebellion in Syria that was led by Sunqur al-Ashqar in 1280,[21][22] and also defeated another Mongol invasion in 1281 that was led by Abaqa outside Homs.[23] After the Mongol threat passed he recaptured Tripoli from the Crusaders in 1289.[24] His son Khalil captured Acre, the last Crusader city, in 1291.[25][26]

The Mongols renewed their invasion in 1299,[27] but were again defeated in 1303.[28][29] The Egyptian Mamluk Sultans entered into relations with the Golden Horde who converted to Islam[30] and established a peace pact with the Mongols[31] in 1322. Sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad married a Mongol princess in 1319. His diplomatic relations were more extensive than those of any previous Sultan, and included Bulgarian, Indian, and Abyssinian potentates, as well as the pope, the king of Aragon and the king of France.[32] Al-Nasir Muhammad organized the re-digging of a canal in 1311 which connected Alexandria with the Nile.[31] He died in 1341, and the constant changes of sultan that followed led to great disorder in the provinces; meanwhile, in 1349 , during Al-Nasir Muhammad first reign, Egypt and the Levant were visited by the Black Death, which is said to have carried off many lives of the inhabitants.[33][34]

In 1382 the last Bahri Sultan al-Salih Salah Zein al-Din Hajji was dethroned and the Sultanate was taken over by the Circassian Emir Barquq. He was expelled in 1389 but returned to power in 1390, setting up the Burji dynasty.[35]

 

 

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