SAINT GEORGE DRAGON SLAYER KILLING DRAGON RUSSIAN ICON C1950 HANDPAINTED WOOD For Sale
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SAINT GEORGE DRAGON SLAYER KILLING DRAGON RUSSIAN ICON C1950 HANDPAINTED WOOD:
Nadine Krakov Collection
Fine Jewelry, Arts & Antiques
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191 South Beverly Drive
Beverly Hills, CA 90212
KILLING THE DRAGON
C.1950Saint George and the dragon
Eastern Orthodox depictions of Saint George slaying a dragon often include the image of the young maiden who looks on from a distance. The standard iconographic interpretation of the imageiconis that the dragon represents both Satan (Rev. 12:3) and the Roman Empire. The young maiden is none other than the wife ofDiocletian,Alexandra. Thus, the image as interpreted through the language of Byzantine Iconography, is an image of the martyrdom of the saint.
The episode of St. George and theDragonwas a legendbrought back with theCrusadersand retold with the courtly appurtenances belonging to thegenre of Romance. The earliest known depiction of the legend is from early theiconographyof theEastern Orthodox Church, George had been depicted as asoldiersince at least the seventh century); the earliest known surviving narrative text is an eleventh-century Georgian text.White Georgeon thecoat of armsofGeorgia.
In the fully developed Western version, which developed as part of theGolden Legend, a dragon orcrocodilemakes its nest at thespringthat provides water for the city of "Silene" (perhaps the city ofLyddain theHoly Land, depending on the source). Consequently, the citizens have to dislodge the dragon from its nest for a time, to collect water. To do so, each day they offer the dragon at first a sheep, and if no sheep can be found, then amaidenmust go instead of the sheep. The victim is chosen by drawing lots. One day, this happens to be theprincess. Themonarchbegs for her life to be spared, but to no avail. She is offered to the dragon, but there appears Saint George on his travels. He faces the dragon, protects himself with thesign of the Cross,slays the dragon, and rescues the princess. The citizens abandon their ancestralpaganismand convert to Christianity.
The dragon motif was first combined with the standardisedPassio GeorgiiinVincent of Beauvais' encyclopaedicSpeculum Historialeand then inJacobus de Voragine's "Golden Legend", which guaranteed its popularity in the laterMiddle Agesas a literary and pictorial subject.
The parallels inescapable. In theallegoricalreading, the dragon embodies a suppressedpagan cult.The story has other roots that predate Christianity. Examples such asSabazios, thesky father, who was usually depicted riding on horseback, andZeus's defeat mythology, along with examples fromGermanicandVedic traditions, have led a number of historians, such as Loomis, to suggest that George is aChristianizedversion of older deities in Indo-European culture.
In the medieval romances, the lance with which St George slew the dragon was called Ascalon, named after the city ofAshkelonin theLevant.
Throughout history, various religious cultureshave been inspired or supplemented by concrete images, whether in two dimensions or three. The degree to which images are used or permitted, and their functions — whether they are for instruction or inspiration, treated as sacred objects ofvenerationor worship, or simply applied as ornament — depend upon the tenets of a given religion in a given place and time.
In Eastern Christianity and other icon-painting Christian traditions, the icon is generally a flat panel painting depicting a holy being or object such or thecross. Icons may also be cast in metal, carved in stone, embroidered on cloth, painted on wood, done in mosaic or fresco work, printed on paper or metal, etc. Creating free-standing, three-dimensional sculptures of holy figures was resisted by Christians for many centuries, out of the belief thatdaimonesinhabited pagan sculptures, and also to make a clear distinction between Christian and pagan art. To this day, in obedience to the commandment not to make "graven images", Orthodox icons may never be more than three-quarterbas relief. Comparable images from Western Christianity are generally not described as "icons", although "iconic" may be used to describe a static style of devotional image.
SaintGeorge(c. 275/281 – 23 April 303) was, according to tradition, a Roman soldier fromSyria Palaestinaand a soldier in the Guard ofDiocletian, who is venerated as aChristianmartyr. InhagiographySaint George is one of the most venerated saints in Rites),Anglican,Eastern Orthodox, and theOriental Orthodoxchurches. He is immortalized in the tale ofSaint George and the Dragonand is one of theFourteen Holy Helpers. His memorial is celebrated on 23 April, and he is regarded as one of the most prominentmilitary saints.
ManyPatronages of Saint Georgeexist around the world, as well as the cities de Victoria, as well as ofthe Scout Movementand a wide range of professions, organizations and disease sufferers.
HAND PAINTED ON WOOD
MEASURES 17 1/2'' X 15 1/4'' X 1 1/4''
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